Francis Nicholson
Wrentham, Massachusetts

Tool Types


Directory of American Toolmakers Information

Francis is the first known American planemaker to mark his planes. Significant ties include his son, John Nicholson, and his former slave, Cesar Chelor, who he freed in his will.

Identifying Marks

F*NICHOLSON/LIVING*IN/WRENTHAM (second line sometimes not included)

General Information

Cesar Chelor, his slave, was responsible for the production of a number of Francis Nicholson's planes.



Nelson, Robert E., Ed. (1999). Directory of American Toolmakers: A listing of identified makers of tools who worked in Canada and the United States before 1900. Early American Industries Association.


Ingraham, Ted. Francis Nicholson Up-Date. September, 2005. August 14th, 2007.

2000 01 Inc. 1999. The Planes of Cesar Chelor. August 14th, 2007.