Hand Saws
This important photograph illustrates the widespread use in England of modern forms of both the hand saw and jointer (or trying) plane by the early 18th century.  Since the footstone to the grave is dated 1747, obviously the tools illustrated pre-date its construction.  Goodman elsewhere in this text (pg. 125) notes the development of rolled steel for saw production by 1650; the development of the closed handle for saws probably accompanies the evolution of new forms of hand saws after this date.  Note the similarity of the hand saw in the footstone with the colonial era saw in the Davistown Museum collection.  (A photograph of the colonial era saw will be posted shortly.)  The hand forged rivets of the handle holding the saw are similar in both specimens.

Photo from: W.L. Goodman, 1964, The history of woodworking tools. David McKay Company, Inc., NY, NY, pg. 149.

This is a page from Joseph Smith's 1816, Explanation or key, to the various manufactories of Sheffield, with engravings of each article.  It shows the different styles of hand saws available from James Cam and other manufacturers at that time.  Note the flat edge at the bottom of the handle of the top three saws, as well as the stylistic details on the open handled carcase and dovetailed saws.  See the photographs below of the hand saws in the Museum collection for comparison.
Early saws occassionally turn up in New England collections, including this one on display in the Museum.  It is marked "Browne German Steel".
18th century hand saw.  Note the similarity of the handle in this saw to the handles in the illustration reprinted from Smith's key to Sheffield manufactories.
This back saw is manufactured in the 19th century; note the closed handle.  The manufacturer's sign "W_ & CK & GRIFFITHS CAST STEEL BOSTON WARRANTED" can be seen on the rib of the saw.