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28 Fid 12900T4 photo MH
Wood, 15 1/2" long, 2 5/8" maximum diameter, unsigned.
A fid is used to loosen the strands of rope when splicing two pieces of rope together.
Historic Maritime IV (1840-1865): The Early Industrial Revolution Shipwrights', Sailmakers', and Mariners'

29 Marlin spike 100400T14 photo MHC-K
Cast steel, 17 1/2" long, 1 1/4" diameter, unsigned.
Historic Maritime II (1720-1800): The Second Colonial Dominion & the Early Republic Shipwrights', Sailmakers', and Mariners'

30 Bed wrench TBF6003 photo MH
Cast iron, 5" long with 4" handle, unsigned.
This is a generic tool commonplace in households in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. A bed wrench was used with an old
feather bed. This type of bed would have a wooden frame. The frame did not hold a box spring or wooden cross boards as a more modern bed
does. Instead, the bottom of the bed was rope. The long rope would loop through holes drilled in the frame and go back and forth across the
opening in the center. This creates a crisscrossed appearance. Bedding such as a straw tic would then go on top of that. The ropes
eventually will stretch. The bed wrench is used to tighten the rope.
Historic Maritime III (1800-1840): Boomtown Years & the Dawn of the Industrial Revolution Wrenches
31 Cobblers' hammer 101900T4 photo MH
Drop-forged steel and wood, 9 1/2" long, 1 3/8" diameter face, unsigned.
This is a typical cobblers' hammer that was used in the mid-nineteenth century Liberty and Montville cobblers' shops.
Historic Maritime IV (1840-1865): The Early Industrial Revolution Cobbler and Saddler Tools
32 Plow plane TCD1007 photo photo MH
Wood (beech), steel blade, 8" long, 9 1/4" fence, signed "J. Kellogg", c. 1845.
It was made by J. Kellogg (1835-1867), Amherst, MA. It is a typical example of a factory made plow plane that might have been found in the
working carpenters' tool box in Liberty or Montville. This manufacturer's signature is mentioned in Pollak as frequently found (ff - B mark)
(2001, 213); Kellogg was one of the most prolific of all planemakers, probably surpassed only by Greenfield Tool Co. in Massachusetts'
output of planes.
Historic Maritime IV (1840-1865): The Early Industrial Revolution Woodworking: Planes
33 Graining tools (set of 11) 111001T22 photo MH
Cast steel, 3 1/2" high, widths vary from 3/4" to 4", unsigned.
These are used for grain patterning painted surfaces, especially on blanket chests and other Victorian style cottage furniture.
Historic Maritime IV (1840-1865): The Early Industrial Revolution Domestic Utensils
34 Burins (5) 102100T28 photo MH
Steel, brass, and wood, various lengths from 2 3/4" to 4" long, unsigned.
These are generic tools for copper plate engraving. Please visit the print collection for several examples of prints made with these tools.
The Industrial Revolution (1865f.): Other Factory Made Tools Miscellaneous Tools
36 Hoop driver 81801T13 bio photo MH
Cast steel with wood handle, 4 5/8" long head, 1 5/8" long groove, signed "C. Drew & Co. Cast Steel".
This is a rare Drew tool.
Historic Maritime IV (1840-1865): The Early Industrial Revolution Coopers' Tools
37 Shaving horse (bench) TAB1012 photo MH
Wood (maple), 57" wide, 17" tall, 4" wide clamp, unsigned.
This was a commonplace tool on any working farm in the 17th or 18th century. Used with a drawknife for shingle-making, the shaving bench
was also used for many other tasks. This is probably 18th century but is of the same design as those used in the 17th century.
Historic Maritime I (1607-1676): The First Colonial Dominion Woodworking: Other Tools
38 Grave diggers' shovel 101400T3 photo photo MH
Drop-forged iron and wood, 84 1/8" long with a 9 1/4" blade, unsigned.
Historic Maritime IV (1840-1865): The Early Industrial Revolution Miscellaneous Tools

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